Geographical & Physical Features
Nagaur district is located in the shape of a square in the middle of Rajasthan. The district north 260.25” & 270.40” North Latitude & 730.10” & 750.15” East Longitude is located between East Deshantar Samanyy slope west side of the district. The district is at an altitude of about 300 meters above sea level. It is 640 meters in height in the south between 250 m and Uttyr is linked. Bikaner and Churu in the north, east Sikar and Jaipur, Ajmer and shift south and west and is located in Jodhpur district. Three-fourth of the district is thar.
Total area is 17, 718 km and the maximum width of 229 Km. from east to west. A panoramic view of the size of the district makes it the state's largest district. Most of the north-eastern part of the district is levelled, but the two have some dispersed small hills. In north-western and northern part sand dunes lie. This area is part of Thar Desert. District in gesso, and lime stone, Timber stone gravel, rubble, twisted, marble, to Lyme, shells, sodium sulphate and salt minerals are found mainly. The district does not have any river flow throughout the year. Luni River flows in Nagaur district for only 37 kilometers, at the coast of river, Alniawas, Rohisa, Raiji, Jasnagr and Surpura villages are inhabited. The River Balui is full of sand. Hrsur Lmbathi sewer is of 48 Km. which is the largest sewer. Khatu, Burnell, and be Jayal etc. villages get the less rains near the brook flows. Sambar Didwana Lake is the largest lake in the district.
Nagaur district has few lakes and a major is Sambhar Lake. The climate is dry and warm with only 38.24 Cm rain throughout the year. The maximum and minimum temperature is 48 to 40 degree Celsius respectively in summers. Due to sandy region winters are so chilled and January is the coldest month with minimum temperature of 6 degree Celsius to 7 degrees Celsius and it goes down till zero degree.
Kharif crops in the district are millet, Moth, uncouth, sesame, bean, chilli, cotton, etc. Rabi crops are wheat, gram, barley, cumin, mustard, Taramira, Raidha etc.
The shape of the district is approximately square. Maximum part of the district is Thar Desert. North-western part has large sand mounds. Southern part of the district is some levelled. Nagaur district has only river name LUNI which flows 37 Km. only in rainy season.
CLIMATE AND RAINFALL:
District has dry climate, that’s why summer are hotter and winter are colder. This is because of its three-forth area is covered with Thar Desert and the region has lack of mountains and vegetation. The maximum temperature of the district is 49°C and minimum temperature is 0°C. In summer, there are dusty storms around the region. Monsoon enters here in the month of July and remains here till September. The average rainfall is 38.36 CM.